Aortic Stenosis: One of the Most Common and Serious Valve Disease Problems
The American Heart Association recognizes aortic stenosis as “one of the most common and most serious valve disease problems.” Aortic stenosis occurs when the opening of the aortic valve constricts, reducing the amount of blood permitted to flow between the left ventricle and the aorta. This can also affect the amount of pressure contained in the left atrium. Depending on the extent of an individual’s condition, a cardiologist in Tampa, FL, may simply monitor the progression of the condition or propose valve repair or replacement. For most adults (and some younger individuals) receiving the proper treatment is recommended to avoid future complications.
Unfortunately, aortic stenosis doesn’t always produce symptoms, which means monitoring your cardiac health and getting regular check-ups with a cardiologist in Tampa, FL, is the best way to identify and address this condition. With a focus on patient-centric care and individualized treatment plans focusing on lifestyle modification, Jesal V. Popat, M.D., FACC, can effectively treat aortic stenosis to help patients live a happier, more fulfilling life.
What Causes Aortic Stenosis?
Occasionally, aortic stenosis is the result of a bicuspid aortic valve, a congenital heart defect in which two of the leaflets of the aortic valve are fused, leading to an abnormal valve structure. However, aortic stenosis is more commonly the result of aging. Over time, calcium buildup and scarring on the valve impedes the flow of blood, similar to how clogged or damaged pipes affect the flow of water through an older house. Since getting older is the most common cause of aortic stenosis, it’s imperative that adults consult a cardiologist in Tampa Bay to check for potential signs of this serious valve disease.
Symptoms of Aortic Stenosis
Although aortic stenosis can occur without any noticeable symptoms, many people do experience systems once their blood flow has been restricted significantly. Typically, individuals with aortic stenosis will experience breathlessness, chest pain (angina), pressure or tightness, fainting (syncope), palpitations (heavy, noticeable heartbeats), decreased activity level, inability to exert oneself physically, and heart murmurs. Infants and children who have developed aortic stenosis as the result of a congenital heart defect can also experience symptoms, like uncharacteristic fatigue, difficulty gaining weight, breathing problems, and lack of appetite.
Sometimes, aortic stenosis is a condition that must simply be monitored by a cardiologist in Tampa, FL. When properly managed, there may be no need for medication or surgery. However, if the condition progresses, an echocardiogram can be used to determine the best treatment option for a patient. Your medical provider may also recommend treatment when no significant symptoms have occurred. Talk to your medical provider to discuss the best path forward for your heart health. If it turns out that you require valve repair or valve replacement, minimally invasive surgery can be employed to minimize complications and hospitalization.
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